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Mushroom Farming


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#501 Packdee

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Posted 2013-12-31 06:33:51

Premixed substrate by Anon Biotech  (http://www.anonbiote...on301_305.html) (Continued)
 

The rubber tree sawdust is mixed with wheat bran, rice bran, enzyme starch, brewer’s spent grain, ground soybean pulp okara, dolomite, phosphate rock and others.
Then water with BioOne (a group of selected microorganisms) is spayed to increase the raw material moisture up to 45 to 47% and start composing the substrate.

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To prevent heat accumulation, the substrate is piled up in formation that the heat can be released easily.

 

kfek.jpg



#502 teletiger

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Posted 2013-12-31 08:08:28

What a mine of information you are Col. Thank you.

Regards.



#503 Packdee

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Posted 2013-12-31 15:10:11

Premixed substrate by Anon Biotech  (http://www.anonbiote...on301_305.html) (Continued)
 

The composing substrate is turned over once a day to release the heat and change the position of substrate.
After composing 8 to10 days it will be completely composed.

 

 

uegw.jpgms6z.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



#504 Packdee

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Posted 2014-01-02 08:07:49

Premixed substrate by Anon Biotech  (http://www.anonbiote...on301_305.html) (Continued)

Packing

dv4q.jpg

 

 

r3qr.jpg

 

Prof. Dr. Anon Auetragul and his premixed substrate for exporting to Taiwan.
 

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Mushroom Development in Thailand
 

          Mushroom cultivation in Thailand had been practiced since time immemorial like Bean mushroom(Coprinus fimentarius) cultivation in the Northern region,

Straw mushroom cultivation (Volvariella volvacea) in the Central region and Fan Mushroom(Schizophylum commune) cultivation in the Southern region.

But the using new technology in producing mushroom pure culture and spawn was started in 1946 by Prof.Dr. Karn Jaranavicharn

who has been honored by Thai as “Great Guru for Mushroom in Thailand” .

More story...

http://www.anonbiote...evelopment.html

 


Edited by Packdee, 2014-01-02 08:11:07.


#505 Packdee

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Posted 2014-01-03 05:49:22

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Mushroom cultivation can be summarized with the following major steps:

Step 1. About mushrooms
Step 2. Producing PDA medium
Step 3. Selecting tissue culture
Step 4. Multiplying spawn on sorghum seeds
Step 5. Producing substrate bags
Step 6. Pasteurizing bags
Step 7. Inoculating bags with sorghum seeds
Step 8. Incubating bags
Step 9. Opening bags
Step 10. Maintaining and monitoring

 

Read more..



#506 Packdee

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Posted 2014-01-04 05:26:26

Thai Biotechnology Research and Development Office is responsible to maintain pure mushroom culture.
There are many different strains of mushrooms grown in this region.
The culture is prepared in agar slant tube for mailing, 50 Bath each + shipping.
 

More detail.. (in Thai)



#507 Packdee

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Posted 2014-01-05 17:43:13

kufg.jpg

 

Read detail...

 



#508 ray23

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Posted 2014-01-09 19:17:53

Well no matter what I said I couldn't get the brother to use the Cols advice. we went for o to1 kilos days to 16 kilos a day in five days. How did that happen I took over and did what the Col, siad. Sometimes it's just easier to do it yuorself then trying to get someone to understand. That being said it's still ride season and I'm going

 

They say seeing is believing we shall see.



#509 ray23

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Posted 2014-01-09 20:17:08

Looks lonely doens't it

 

100_7486-Copy-Copy_zps82dc3b95.jpg

 

This is our first oven. Brother wanted to use wood, so we did a trial run kept a fire going for five hours. The water inside kept boiling for about 30 Mins after the fire went out. We will do three more of these two to cook with each while letting the others cool. When they cool we will add the spores, Haven't set that up yet.

 

Hoping to do a 160 a day using these,

 

I wonder if fours hours on the fire would be enough?

 

Got to crawl before you can walk. That would be sufficient fot 1,000 a week


Edited by ray23, 2014-01-09 20:27:00.


#510 teletiger

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Posted 2014-01-09 21:24:49

Well, I'm confused. But hey, TIT.smile.png

Regards.



#511 ray23

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Posted 2014-01-11 12:59:50

Me too, the idea is you heat water to point of steam pasturize the subtrate before adding spores. The you got about a 60 day wait before you can use them. So in the bottom of the barrel is a small amount of water.

 

The method I posted before required four hours of fire. Using gas would require two hours of steam. So cutting the difference to three hours was what I was hoping for.

for.

 

This will be our first try, So it will be a learning experience,

 

We added 2K more of Nong Faa excellent supply this time producing in three days. We arw running 16 Kilos day now, that sure feels good v compared to 0 product days. Have another 2K of Nong Faa coming next month. We will try to produce our own Khon Kao after that.



#512 SlackJawChef

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Posted 2014-03-17 22:37:19

Well no matter what I said I couldn't get the brother to use the Cols advice. we went for o to1 kilos days to 16 kilos a day in five days. How did that happen I took over and did what the Col, siad. Sometimes it's just easier to do it yuorself then trying to get someone to understand. That being said it's still ride season and I'm going

 

They say seeing is believing we shall see.

Hi Ray 

 

Can you give us the new protocol the Col helped you with to get up to 16kg per day ... also could you explain the milk sugar spray you used ... maybe the recipe and application rate  ... I have done a lot of small scale mushroom production and when I pasteurize my substrate I place a wire probe thermometer into the center of one bag and start timing 90min once it get to 140f but keep it below 165f as that will start to kill off the beneficial bacteria... are you pasteurizing or sterilizing your substrate bag's .. do you know the temp your bags reach in the center ???

 

I am thinking of making my own packs now too ... I like the idea of the pre mix formula to cut down on the work load ... i also can make my own spawn grain, agar work ... I have done everything from a spore print up till now, I built a still air box and have my sterile technique down to a tight system. with no contamination any more ....  long learning curve with that and a lot of mistakes along the way....  but you do learn a lot more by making mistakes

 

really enjoyed reading this thread and was hoping to learn a few more tips to increase yields.. and you eluded to that with the milk sugar spray ... sounds a bit more natural than the super mix hormone spray ..   

 

Thanks again and hope your still picking

 

SJC 



#513 packhik

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Posted 2014-03-19 06:15:44

If anyone is interested in oyster mushroom spores just send me a message. Sister in law and husband next door to us does spores and grows the oyster mushrooms in her farm. We are outside of Kampeangphet. She sells spores to other farmers and is well known in the province. She has years of experiance doing the mushroom farming and the spores. 



#514 teletiger

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Posted 2014-03-27 20:03:24

Anyone else get lots of bar/fruit type flies in their mushroom setups?

It's not a real problem at the moment, it's just that the colony is growing and I'd like to know how to deal with it before it potentially gets out of hand.

Regards.



#515 rice555

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Posted 2014-04-14 02:29:52

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Hello All, ran across article, back home these's were good eating.

rice555

 

 India: New method for growing Shiitake mushroom


Among various cultivated species of mushrooms, Shiitake variety has a good demand among consumers for its taste. Particularly in Northern India consumers prefer this mushroom since it is believed to be medicinal in quality. China and Japan are currently the bulk producers of this prized mushroom variety.

vikas.jpg

Up until recently, the proper technology to grow this variety on a successful commercial scale was not available in India. However, the Directorate of Mushroom Research (DMR), situated at Chmabaghat in Solan district and Indian Institute of Horticulture Research (IIHR), at Hassargatta near Bangalore have now developed new techniques for growing this crop.

A farmer, Mr. Vikas Banyal, from Solan district, Himachal Pradesh, has further refined the growing technology by using willow wood as a substrate. He is the first farmer in the country to use willow tree wood as a substrate to grow Shiitake variety. According to Mr. Vikas this method gives a better and greater yield.

Initially Mr. Vikas was growing Shiitake on sawdust but was not able to get a good production. He got some scanty reference in literature about using willow tree logs as a medium for growing. He contacted the University which provided him willow logs for trying this as substrate. “The substrate that is the medium is very important for mushroom cultivation. Just as a healthy soil helps good plant crop a good medium alone can help get a good yield.

“My initial attempts failed because I used sawdust that was poor in quality. It was then that some mushroom cultivation experts from the U.S. visited my farm and while interacting with them I got to know that they use logs from trees to grow mushrooms. They also advised me to try out the method on some popular growing trees in my region,” he says.

The farmer started his search for the same through several literatures and got in touch with Dr. Y. S. Parmar of the University of Horticulture and Forestry in his region. The University was quite impressed by his dedication and perseverance and supplied him about 100 willow logs initially. 

Explaining the procedure the entrepreneur says, “willow logs of 40 inch length and three to four inch diameter are ideal. Holes are drilled into the logs and spawns (in the form of bullets) are inserted into the holes and sealed with wax. The logs are kept in the open under shade. Fruiting of Shiitake starts in just three months and continues for four to five years. The technique is cost effective and also consumes less time.”

In addition to the logs, he also used willow tree sawdust for growing the mushrooms, which proved even more effective as harvesting of the crop started in just 45 days.
He could harvest on an average 750 gm of mushroom from one kg of willow sawdust. The harvested mushrooms are fresh and fetch Rs. 200-500 per kg (1 Rs= $0.016 USD) in the local market.

“Presently we are cultivating white button mushrooms, oyster mushrooms and Shiitake mushrooms besides making spawn and compost to cater to the small and marginal mushroom growers. We are also planning to set up canning and frozen mushroom processing units,” says Mr. Vikas.

For more information: 
Vikas Banyal
Vikas Mushroom Farm
Tel: +91 (0)1792-227651
Email: vikas@vikasmushrooms.com 
vikasmushrooms.com

Source:thehindu.com



Publication date: 1/23/2014



#516 deepcell

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Posted 2014-05-28 09:27:12

Well I bought a 500 baht sprayer and wil give that a try. However looks like we will be seeing some rain, thus cooler weather. That will increase production, so it might be a while before I know if it works and worth a mist system.

The stuff I;m growing we grew in our storage shed last year. Bathroom will work, just remember yuo have to kep it dark as much a possible. Where you would find them in Bangkok, I have no idea,

 

I found bags mushrooms in the Minburi market some years ago, this market has a gardening session in the entrance. I think in chatuchak or another big market in Bangkok you can find it easily.



#517 deepcell

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Posted 2014-05-29 12:17:54

100_6806.jpg

Sometimes the simple answer is best. A piece of garden hose with 1/100 inch holes drilled in it. Works fine at low pressures

 

Is it cooling the place? Did you feel any difference? I mean the shrooms.. growing faster than before? Nice Workaround!
 



#518 deepcell

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Posted 2014-05-30 12:54:41

Full book about Oyster Mushroom Cultivation
http://www.fungifun....om-Cultivation/

Full book about Shiitake Mushroom Cultivation
http://www.fungifun....om-Cultivation/

 

Great books. I already read the two. thumbsup.gif



#519 deepcell

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Posted 2014-06-09 09:04:33

I;m sure they are w order them about two months ahead of time. It's usually three weeks before they get real active. But from a suggestion here we stage the orders to try for a fairly constant production.

 

Ive kept good records so I know when I should be thinking about ordering again. The current price we are getting is 7 baht. As small as we are I don't think we could do much better making our own bags.

 

Col has really been a lot of help explaining things to my Thai Brother in law. He works part time and has his own business as well. If we make the bags that will double our labor costs. I don't believe we are big enough for that, nor am I sure that market will support that.

 

That could change as after this year I will be expanding more, if things go as expected this year.

 

Very usefull information. Thanks! wai.gif



#520 deepcell

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Posted 2014-06-26 10:09:44

Anybody here working with automated humidity control, Hygrostat that switches a pump to spray water from under the roof?

 

I have a plan to start a project of automated humidity and temperature control around december 2014 in nakhon sawan area, in my project I will use arduino microcontroller and sensors. we can create a topic here only about this stuffs and share our knowledge. would be nice! wink.png
 



#521 Packdee

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Posted 2014-06-26 20:12:05

One of my FB friend made automated humidity control for sale.
https://www.facebook...ngmuang?fref=ts

1517593_609563449097820_594782360_n.jpg

 



#522 jjiittii

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Posted 2014-07-02 11:37:27

Hello everybody,

 

I'm here new, but i would like to ask:

 

Is it possible to make a mixture for mushroom growing from sawdust, rice bran, gypsum, lime and calcium (or magnesium) sulfate, pasteurize it in bags and than mix it with mushroom spawn and put it in shelves? Or is there easier way how to create this mixture for mushroom? :) And the other question is, do you know any good websites where to buy mushroom spawn?

 

Thanks a lot for your answers :)



#523 Packdee

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Posted 2014-07-02 12:18:46

Mushroom grain spawn can be ordered here.

http://anonbiotec.gr...os.com/f1-forum

There are many farms, operated with bagging machine, deliver the ready spawned substrate bags as ordered. 

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10513397_1635032460054507_79602503214525

 

10372524_1635032563387830_42392452383653

10502128_1635842049973548_15965264421240

10455181_1635609393330147_65328893513682

 

10420215_1636208269936926_20855749297178

10464337_1636291779928575_31498779940071

 

10454313_1632655366958883_36794825045265

 

10438330_1629782263912860_56735875369223


Edited by Packdee, 2014-07-02 12:20:13.


#524 ray23

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Posted 2014-07-21 16:10:48

http://s165.photobuc...8b500b.jpg.html



#525 MrChangers

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Posted 2014-09-10 11:38:13

Hello all,

 

new to this topic, I am up in Surin and would be grateful if anyone in this part of the world knows where I can buy spores, particularly Hed Korn and Hed Nahng Fah.

 

Many thanks

 

Mr Changers







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