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BANGKOK 21 October 2018 13:10


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About khunPer

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  • Birthday 09/07/1949

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    Koh Samui

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  1. A Switzerland-Thailand flight is about 10-11 hours, doubt they can pick-up active duty immediately, or shortly, after landing in Thailand (presumably Bangkok) – fatigue level, fit for flight, legal duty limit; passive flight time is counted as duty – but of course, I'm not counting of any Red Bull-effect like used by Thai bus- and minivan drivers...
  2. The "deadheads" were probably not heading direct for service – that would be after 10-11 hours flight time, and impossible due to both fatigue level and legal regulations – they were probably rather what we called "passive crew", when I was in charge of crew planning in a major airline. We don't know the details, but there are normally two extra seats in the cockpit, however not as comfortable as a first class seat. And today's larger aircrafts might also have a crew section with seats between cockpit and cabin; or somewhere else depending of aircraft type. Back in time we could use the extra cockpit seats for "passive crew", likely same as today's "deadheads". From the article we don't know if these extra seats were taken in that particular flight – and in that case why and by who? – and it's also likely, that a labor agreement between pilots and the airline states, that "deadheads" shall fly first class, and the "deadhead" crew members therefore insist on their agreed benefit (not making an example to follow and undermine the labor agreement; 10-11 hours is long time in an extra cockpit seats). Some airlines are known for overbooking, counting on that there will always be some "no show" passengers; bad luck if all passengers show up – sh*t happens – or was it just bad crew planning, or bad planning in general..? Presuming it's a Boeing 777 aircraft that Thai use for Switzerland flights – other wide-body aircrafts have similar facilities – I found some images of cockpit layout... This is a B777 cockpit lay-out, image taken for this webpage: "Boeing 777-9X" This is a 3D image of a B777 cockpit, notice the extra seats at right, there are additional small thumb-images at the webpage "777 3D Cockpit". A Virgin Australia photo of a B777 cockpit from webpage "Virgin Australia Boeing 777-31H/E".
  3. There is a pinned Thaivisa thread here...
  4. On "my beach" foreigners are (much) worse to leave trash, than Thais...
  5. "However a modified version of the older model is still used..." – isn't that what I'm saying in post #56..? "...-and the authorities are,for the time being,turning a blind eye." – and in post 65 you quoted above: ...but your so-called "loop hole" is little more complicated today, than it was before, but will probably not be scrutinized for private homes. Thank you for kindly sharing your opinion with me, however I stop here, as I think we cannot get any further...
  6. Thanks for your reply. I think you misunderstand – I'm explaining the legal procedure for foreigners ownership of a condo, and comparability with a company limited. I'm however not talking about any foreign held property outside the legal foreign quota of 49% in condo building or complex. Lots of property in Thailand is presumable owned with through a company limited model, and if you kindly read my post #60 again, you will see that I'm explaining the change from the older model, to how it is today. It's still used, but your so-called "loop hole" is little more complicated today, than it was before, but will probably not be scrutinized for private homes. And by the way, some condo projects hold a number of condos in names of one or more Thai company limited to establish the legal 51% Thai ownership, and they use these company-owned condos for renting out, or long-term lease; whilst the remaining 49% of the quota are sold to foreigners. So you own you condo in the name of a company limited..?
  7. khunPer

    Can Thailand lure the Chinese back?

    And the Western tourist had also decreased – probably for a number of reasons including European exchange rates that are giving less bath for the home country's currency – however, looking at the bright side of life, a number of my European friends complained that there are too many Chinese tourists in Thailand, so perhaps they'll come back now... By the way, the other day I noticed on my old photos from my first visit to Thailand in 1987 that at Grand Palace's temple area there were two monks and my little family-group of five; on the photos from my latest visit I can hardly see the temple buildings for mainly Chinese tourists...
  8. It's not for comparing with hi-end quality equipment, it's about what's available of affordable 10-15k baht Thai gear for a home-disco, which was was the question...
  9. Are you saying that the construct of a company to allow a foreigner to buy into the 51% Thai area allocation of a condo is somehow different than the construct of a company to allow a foreigner to control land such that a house can built. If that is what you believe -the please explain the difference. Please read again. I'm saying that the allotment of up to 49% of the condos can be owned by foreigners – i.e. if there are 100 condos in the building, then 49 of the condos can be freehold owned by a foreigner, provided the 51 other condos are owned by Thai nationals – just like up to 49% of the shares in a Thai company limited can be owned by foreigners...
  10. Was in Tesco (Bo Phut) today and just peek into the electronic corner to check the Thai audio system. There might be a few of interest to check out, also for... Amazing (Thailand) 15,000 W Power Out (probably 100 W when reading the fine print), but with graphic eq. and 15" woofers (actually quite a classic small disco design)... A stereo set-up with sub (not so much disco, but might sound Okay, I didn't listen – bring a USB or card, as almost all equipment can play that today) – unfortunately didn't get the price on the image, but affordable... An impressive home-entertainment system with a big stereo front, for music only... BigC had something similar...
  11. Yes, you are right, contracts between husband and wife is recommended to be made prior to marriage, as they can be declared void in case of divorce. I live permanently at Samui since 2005, and own a house there. May I kindly recommend that you use one the local law firms with experience in property, to help you through the process. When you buy land, and have it transferred to your girlfriend, you should be able to have an usufruct registered, giving you right to use the land for either up to 30-years, or for life (the latter can exceed 30-years). Furthermore you shall register a superficies, which gives you the right to build on the land, and be owner of the building (your house); you can own a house in Thailand, but you cannot own the land under the house. You can read more about usufruct and superficies here (there's a lot of information about property at that web-site). If you for one-or-other reason cannot make an usufruct, or don't want it, you can make a long-term land lease agreement for up to 30 years. Any land lease longer than three years need to be registered as a servitude, at the Land Office (in Lipa Noi), and a lease cannot exceed 30-years; i.e. there is not such thing as 30+30 years lease, or an option for another 30 years, and it shall not be mention in a lease contract (you can make a separate contract, but that's only binding for the original land owner). Some fee need to be paid for a lease, for example a monthly fee, and a small percentage of tax payed upon registration (used to be 1 percent) of the total 30-year lease sum (so can add up). As you already seem to have cleared that your girlfriend, and future wife, shall be the owner, I won't mention the optional company limited-method. I you want a level of protection for your "investment" – in case it's your money paying for the land – you might be able to have a loan servitude declared on the land. That works like a mortgage servitude, where the land cannot be sold or transferred without the remaining debt has been fully paid. You might not be able to buy an existing house and get ownership separated from the land under the house, unless it's already separate ownership. However, when building a new house, you can separate ownership from the land, but it will not be registered at the land office. Therefore you shall make sure to get and safe-keep the following documentation, as it's your only proof of ownership: Superficies agreement that gives you permission to build, and own the building on the land; Architect drawings shall be in your name only; Building permission from Tessa Ban office (in Nathon) shall be in your name only; Any agreements and contracts with building constructor shall be in your name only; Any money transfers and payment slips shall carry your name (or transfer from your bank account); Whenever possible, any bill shall be written in your name only, but keep all bills, also ongoing expenses and maintenance after the construction is finished. When the house is 80% finished, you can apply for a house number and a Blue House Book at the tessa ban office (that issued the building permission) – it need to within a year from building permission date – and your name can be registered as "master of household", which is not a proof of ownership, but your are the person to approve what Thai-names can be registered in the Blue House Book. For yourself to be registered, you'll need a Yellow House Book for foreigners, which is good for proof of address and like, but little intricately to achieve at Koh Samui. Marriage after Thai law, separate private property and common property, so everything you – or your wife to be – owns before the marriage are private property, whilst anything achieved during a marriage is common property. Prenuptial is fairly new for Thais, but might be useful to make, i.e. let a lawyer draw it for you in both Thai and English language, as documentation of private property in a worst case scenario. However, your property in Britain is not covered by Thai law, but British law; se a separate prenuptial for your British assets is recommended (remember, both English and Thai text). Also making a Last Will should be considered, and again it will be under two separate laws, so one Last Will for Britain (which might include heirs there), and another for Thailand (which might, or might not, include heirs in Britain). A good source for information about marriage and last will, and other legal matters, is the book "Thai Law for Foreigners", which you can find i most English bookstores, or order from Amazon. Wish you good luck with your future house on Samui...
  12. Are you confusing it with a building property including X-number of condos, where it's looked upon like a company limited structure, and 49% of the condos can be freehold owned by a foreigner like 49% of the shares – the foreigners actually owns up to 49% of the land, under the building – provided that 51% of the condos are owned by Thai nationals..?
  13. Thanks for your reply. An MD is a "managing director", and a managing director is employed by the board. A MD has no voting rights. A MD might have some power of authority, but cannot sell or transfer shares, but he can suggest the bord, and the owners, to sell when a good proposal is made. However, a shareholder can also be board member (director), or a managing director (MD), and the director or MD can thereby vote in the General Meeting, including any nominee votes and preferred share's votes he may hold. But a shareholder, no matter how many percent votes he has, cannot sell or transfer shares, he do not own, unless he have a proxy signed by each of the other shareholders, permitting him to sell and/or transfer their personal shares. A 0-baht sale might however be suspicious, especially if the company limited showed values in the latest annual tax statement, i.e. owned property. The 51% non-foreign shareholders might challenge that in a Court. I ask again about being shareholder in such a company limited: "Would you buy property in Thailand owned by a Thai company limited, where 51% of the shares are held by someone that might not approve your ownership..?" Without proxies, the owner of 49% of a company's shares, can only sell his 49% of the company. If the owner is a foreigner using nominee votes, he can in theory be challenged in Court, or the company risk being scrutinized by authorities. The connection between a married couple is that any contract made during the marriage can be declared void upon divorce; i.e. any proxy giving the other part power, signed during a marriage. The so-called "loophole" stopped a decade or so ago – a company limited with the only purpose and activity to hold land ownership for a foreigner, based on nominee shareholders; and as I said in my previous post, the companies were given a limited period of time to bring the ownership in accordance with the Law – however, the authorities (so far) only cares about checking major cases, where it's not one single private home, but rather "projects", including speculation and business. It's a question of ownership, documentation of funds for Thai national owners (so they are not nominees), and activities in the company limited. If you contact a lawyer today about formation of a Thai company limited, you'll be asked to find two more shareholders yourself for the 51% of the company, and the shareholders might need to show source of funds. Today a lawyer might not issue letters for nominee votes, but instead work with preferred shares, which don't need to be held by the foreigner... Are you shareholder or director in a Thai company limited..?
  14. To me best knowledge... 1) It really depend on the lady, but if she is (too) fast, be skeptical. 2) Long time; so-called "good Thai girls" can takes years, and will often bring a chaperone at all meetings before engagement, or even marriage. 3) No, you shall go to Thailand, and probably more than once. 4) Up to a year, depending on negotiations with the family. 5) Sin sot is a normal part of the Thai culture, and should be quite high for a "good lady". Some families may just wish to show the money for face at the wedding ceremony (you pay), and let you and your wife keep the money. A "good" and well educated lady can be "worth" from a million baht and up, plus some bahts of gold – Thai men might willingly pay that (I've seen it) – but it's a question of negotiation, but do expect a sin sot in some hundred thousand baht; and also expect some smaller sin sot to be settled when proposing, on top of a diamond ring. 6) Hmm, there are lots of warning signs to be aware of, and they might show up different for different ladies, like you already seem to have experienced. An sometimes it works very well, in spite of all flashing red warning lights... Mind you that the ladies might be just as skeptical about the foreigner and his intentions – and afraid to have her genuine feelings hurt, by just being exploited for free sex when meeting in person – just like you are skeptical about the ladies. I presume there is no standard script for a procedure, it's a question of individual balance...